(TNCs) continue to reinforce their hold on the natural resources
of the planet, dictating their agendas to the weakest countries
and exploiting their peoples. Directly or indirectly, they bear
an enormous responsibility for the deterioration of the environment
and for the systematic increase of human rights violations.
With this in mind, many organizations have relentlessly denounced
the damaging effects committed by TNC across the world (Colombia,
Nigeria, Mexico, etc.) and have fought for the implementation
of an international legally binding framework. The United Nations
represent, in this respect, the sole legitimate space to implement
an international legislation acknowledged by everyone.
Thus, at some NGO's
instigation, notably the CETIM which has been following the issue
for over 15 years, a Working Group was constituted in 1998 by
the UN Sub-Commission for the Promotion and the Protection of
This brochure aims at presenting an appraisal of the current issue
with respect to the activities of TNC at national, regional and
international levels as well as what is at stake in the United
Nations current debate over the “Norms on responsibilities of
transnational corporations and other business enterprises with
regards to human rights”. The brochure attempts to define more
exhaustively the concept of transnational corporation by highlighting
its principal characteristics. It also exposes practical cases
of violations committed by TNC.