• Citizen Public Debt Audit. Experiences and Methods

    Maria Lucia Fattorelli, Coordinator of Auditoria Cidadá da Dívida (Brazil), Translated from Spanish by Peter Gellert Frank

    2014 – 256 pages

    A guide prepared with contributions from researchers and activists from around the world aimed at encouraging civil society campaigns for conducting Citizens Public Debt Audits based on transparency and the participation of society, in order to reveal the truth about the Debt System that subjugates most of the countries and their population.

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  • Building on Quicksand: The Global Compact, democratic governance and Nestlé

    Judith RICHTER

    2003 – 56 pages

    More than 4 years have passed since the UN Secretary General first announced the Global Compact, a high level interaction between the United Nations and the business community. From the start, various NGOs have been raising questions about its alleged benefits and its risks, about its underlying rationale and concrete approach. This publication, commissioned by Centre Europe-Tiers Monde (CETIM), Geneva Infant Feeding Association (GIFA-IBFAN) and Déclaration de Berne does not aim to summarize all of these concerns. It rather suggests focusing on two main lines of questioning. These two line emerge from the debates between the Global Compact proponents and its critics: What is the value of the Global Compact in terms of changing corporate practices? More specifically, is it an arrangement that helps shift corporate practices towards the better – or is it rather an arrangement that helps corporations continue to do their business as usual and moreover confers on them additional protection from legally-binding regulation and public pressure? What is the relationship between the Global Compact and global democratic governance? In other words: Does the Global Compact enhance – or undermine – efforts to promote democratic decision-making in a globalising world? Both these questions are addressed at a theoretical level as well as by a case study focusing on the gaps between words and deeds, illustrated with the case of one of the latest prominent participants of the Global Compact: the food and beverage transnational Nestlé. Dr. Judith Richter is author of Holding Corporations Accountable: Corporate Conduct, International Codes and Citizen Action, Zed Books, London and New York, 2001 and ‘We the Peoples’ or ‘We the corporations’, Critical reflections on UN-business partnerships, IBFAN-GIFA, January 2003.

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  • Globalization and Alternatives

    Samir AMIN, François HOUTART

    2000 – 28 pages

    The construction of a unipolar world by the triad, the United States, Japan and Europe, is th unilateral imposition by the dominant capital of transnationals and the deployment of the American military empire to which all nations would be constrained to submit. The hegemonic strategy of the United States and its NATO allies is today the prinicple adversary of social progress, of democracy and peace in the world. This vision of a unpolar world must be opposed by a multipolar one, the only strategy that permits social development acceptable for the different regions of the world, and also permits the democratization of societies and the reduction of causes of conlficts. Samir AMIN Is it obviously too soon to make a synthesis of the alternative propositions in the realm of thought as well as that of practice. The market is omnipresent. However, in the face of the neo-liberal option, two alternative streams present themselves today: the neo-keynesianism and post-capitalism. Both formulate a theory, construct an ethic, nourish the resistance and propose concrete steps. François HOUTART

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  • Transnational corporations and human rights. Case studies and responsabilities


    2000 – 176 pages

    This booklet has been designed as an information and reflection material intended for the Working Group of the Sub-Commission on Human Rights of the United Nations. It is not limited to this framework and fits into a working process on the impact of transnational corporations (TNCs) on human rights. In order to back the Working Group in its task, the Europe-Third World Centre, the American Association of Jurists and FICAT Catalunya decided to publish a booklet that contains various concrete examples of human rights violations by TNCs, from economic, social and cultural rights violations to violations of the right to development. Furthermore, it also contains a reflection on the responsibility of States and TNCs with regard to human rights, by analysing, among others, the question of “codes of conduct”. The study introduced here focuses principally on “developing countries”, but not only, for these violations are obviously also present in countries of the North. They are nevertheless more systematic in Southern countries, where TNCs and State authorities have an increased easiness in making business out of fundamental human rights. This booklet groups French, English and Spanish texts together.

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